It is ok for the herd to be confined by political and social tyranny, but not for the elites. To move forward, to progress, is to explore the world through the exercise of human reason and critical enquiry.
The hypothetical imperative takes into account the consequence by treating an action purely as a means towards a desired end, and not by carrying any moral implications in its maxim. Immanuel Kant determined the moral value of an action by evaluating the principle that lies behind it, regardless of its consequence.
By participating in your government and thinking for yourself you can achieve self mastery. How to cite this page Choose cite format: For Nietzsche, the underlying driving force of change is will.
It is evident that Mill was prepared to accept less liberty in a society with a religion of humanity than in a society in a transitional state, but this does not mean that On Liberty, with its strong advocacy of free expression for both speech and conduct, was incompatible with his project for moral reform, including his advocacy of a religion of humanity.
He then proceeds to claim that the human being is by nature not a promise keeping animal. The slave is led by a superior guide, and wants to be, because it is comforting.
Precisely that is where Nietzsche first disagrees; he does not accept the same values as a given fact and sets out to take what he sees as the next step; Namely, to ask why and how did those values such as duty come to have their value.
New values are made, replacing old ones. He also had this future organic state of society in mind when he made allusions to a future when there would be a reduced need for liberty of speech and discussion.
In the first part of his account he sets out to find the origins of what the Judeo-Christian mentality perceives as moral. In a liberal sense, freedom means individual freedom. Berlin agrees with the idea of negative liberty and thinks the purpose of government is not to show any visions of life; rather, it is to give them freedom to find out for themselves what the good life is.
It is the weak and the herd who let their desires and will be suppressed.
Relatively, when the noble considers strength to be a good quality, being weak is immediately seen as a bad thing. But, Mill makes it clear that we are not bound to seek the society of such an individual.
The report of what Mill told Grote was published in in the well-known first biography of Mill written by his friend Alexander Bain. The idea that for every person on top there must be someone below them must be accepted.
Clearly defined class distinctions that Nietzsche would have liked are the times of the Ancient Greeks, Romans, Feudalism and even aspects of Nazism.
Yet he criticizes Kantian morality for accepting duty as a sole origin of morals and for not asking the so needed questions: This is how he regarded it.Compare and Contrast the Philisophical Contributions of Nietzsche and Mill to our understanding of political and social tyranny.
Extracts from this document Introduction.
For an ethics paper I have to compare a narrow point that Nietzsche and Kant both talk about and it has to be something they disagree about.
I'm having trouble finding something they both talk about and disagree on. In class we have read Kant's Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals and Nietzsche's On the Genealogy of Morals.
John Stuart Mill on the other hand was a British philosopher born in and died in He also strongly contributed to the development of philosophical views that have continued to influence different aspects in different disciplines like sociology, politics and economy. Kant Versus Nietzsche- On the Genealogy of Morals.
In order to understand the conflict between the two approaches regarding the origin of morals a few facts must be made clear: Kant was the first (between the two) to develop his theory of morals.
Comparing John Stewart Mill and Nietzsche Words | 7 Pages. The Discourse of Mill and Nietzsche, Can Mill Overcome While it appears, on the outside, that John Stewart Mill contradicts Nietzsche’s idea that the mind serves deeper than our inner human drive, however, the story of.
John Stuart Mill-Enlightenment and the freedom of thought Short biography John Stuart Mill was born inafter the Enlightenment and after the American Declaration of Independence, but his interpretation of the basic ideas of liberty, individual rights, women's rights, and other issues contribute to the continuing development of democratic ideas.Download